Each word that you use as a writer has a function. They all have a part to play in communicating your message through your writing. Here are some of the names of words that writers use every day and their function in a sentence.
NOUN – a name – dog, cat, person, girl, boy
PROPER NOUN – someone’s actual name: Jane, Susan, Jack, Frank
VERB – describes an action – run, jump, walk, ride, write, curtsey
Also includes words such as ‘is’, ‘was’ and ‘are’
ADJECTIVE – describes a noun. Includes colours.
E.g. small table, black sideboard, little girl, tall woman
ADVERB – describes a verb. Tells you how something is done.
E.g. He ran quickly. She walked slowly.
The horse jumped the hedge.
SUBJECT – the main thing that the SENTENCE is about. It is usually a NOUN or a PROPER NOUN.
E.g. The dog ran over the hill.
The dog is the SUB JECT because it was doing the running.
Susan poured the flour into a mixing bowl.
Susan is the SUBJECT.
OBJECT – is involved in the sentence but is usually having something happen or done to it. So in the above examples, both ‘hill’ and ‘mixing bowl’ are OBJECTS.
PHRASE – a group of words that do make sense (are not just random words) but do not contain both a SUBJECT and a VERB.
Photo Credit: Photo on Flickr by Dr. Stephen Dann