In the first post on Apostrophes, we looked at using them with plurals and singular nouns to show possession. The second post looked at using apostrophes with contractions. This post will examine a simple little word, yet the apostrophe is often used wrongly in it.
Its or it’s?
Do you know which is which?
In this case, the answer is simple – disregard the possession rule. So if you have a sentence:
The dog lolled out its tongue.
This is correct. You do not need to put an apostrophe in because you do not need the apostrophe to show possession of ‘it’.
I love going to Spain. It’s a great place to have a holiday – lots of swimming pools and sunshine.
In the case of this sentence, ‘it’s’ is actually a shortened form of ‘it is’ – a contraction. So you will need the apostrophe.
In short when deciding whether to use ‘its’ or ‘it’s’, you need to know whether the word is showing possession or if it is a contraction. Only use the apostrophe if a letter is missing.
Try these out just for good measure. Is the apostrophe right or wrong?
The horse was lame in one of its hind hooves.
It’s OK you don’t need to explain it to me.
The house was old and ramshackle: it’s whole outward appearance was one of neglect.
Its dangerous to go water-skiing when the red flags are out.
Did you get it right?
The horse was lame in one of its hind hooves. – CORRECT
It’s OK you don’t need to explain it to me. – CORRECT
The house was old and ramshackle: it’s whole outward appearance was one of neglect. WRONG – NO MISSING LETTER.
Its dangerous to go water-skiing when the red flags are out. WRONG – ‘ITS’ IN THIS CASE IS SHORT FOR ‘IT IS’ SO IT SHOULD BE ‘IT’S’
Using apostrophes can be easy once you know how. This concludes this series of posts on apostrophes.
Photo Credit: Photo on Flickr by mag3737
- A Guide to Using Apostrophes Correctly Part 2 (thecreativewriter.co.uk)
- Style Guide – A Guide to Using Apostrophes Correctly (Part 1) (thecreativewriter.co.uk)
- Grammar Rules for Possessive Proper Nouns (brighthub.com)
- The Apostrophe Quiz (neatorama.com)